The fourth episode revolved around "Moderation in Islam and Tunisian Religious Culture," and was displayed on Tuesday, January 12, 2021, through the Zoom application and the center's official page.
Prof. Abd El Fattah Morro explained that moderation in Islam is a Quran term, as he said, "The Almighty in the verse number 143 of Surah Al-Baqra: "We have also made you a middle nation to be a martyr to the people, and the messenger is a martyr to you," in this definition of the nation that has adhered to religion and been following its laws.
And he explained moderation in the middle of the thing, which is the place that is equal in dimensions, and in what the scholars say is charity and justice, "You were the best nation that came out to the people ordering virtue and forbidding evil." (Al Imran 110) So moderation is those qualities that make the members of this nation have goodness and justice, and that is the sum of the judgments and directions and spirit that Islam wanted to fulfill in the souls of those among them their commitment to religion.
On the other hand, he explained that moderation does not mean the end of halal and haram; it means commitment under Islam. It does not mean freedom from religion, but rather a form of looking at religion to understand its goals and purposes. It is based on the left, lifting hardship and embarrassment, facilitating, proselytizing, and making all existing commitments in religion not only based on devotion but also on achieving interests, and therefore the Islamic religion is based on the realization of virtue and exclusion of vice.
Islam is a moderate religion because is concerned with the creation of a human will, and the provisions of Islam are not only intended for themselves, but also for what they achieve after they are committed to them. The purpose of all this is to liberate the will of the human being so that he can achieve for himself what he wants in the framework of the collective commitment he lives in and within his obligation to live for good.
As for saying that religious culture is moderate in Tunisia, the professor explained that the Tunisian society in its starting point did not submit to Islam through the sword but through knowledge and science, which resulted in a scientific stream that started with the establishment of the Zeitouna University, then the scientific movement that took place in Kairouan and brought together scientists from different directions, and the dissenting opinion was raised in the society
"The concept of moderation that we seek is the ability to achieve our interests that make us a balanced society. God wanted to achieve through Islam a balanced person, mind, soul, feelings, interests, society, education, and culture. "Isn't happiness the balance in all the different aspects of man ?".